The City of Jogjakarta or Yogyakarta Sultanate was established as a result of a “Gianti war treaty” (Perjanjian Gianti) byPrince Mangkubumi, who later become Sultan Hamengkubuwono I. Officially, the creation of Yogyakarta Sultanate is dated to October 7, 1756 as a result of civil war among the bloodline of The Mataram Sultanate. The civil war was fought against Hamengkubuwono’s and his elder brother, Sunan Pakubuwono II. This civil war marked the end of the Mataram Sultanate and resulted in the birth of the Yogyakarta Sultanate and the Surakarta Sultanate.
The historical building of Bank of Indonesia in European architecture
The root of the civil war started when Sunan Pakubuwono II agreed to cooperate with the Dutch colonial government and submit to foreign (western) powers. His younger brother, Prince Mangkumbumi (Sultan Hamengkubuwono) stood against the concept, due to concern that his people would become slaves under Dutch rule. The Javanese slaves were used to work for businesses owned by V.O.C. and the Dutch Colonial Government and exported to present day Suriname in South America. In the Netherlands itself, some of the Dutch people stood against the policy of their home government.
Prince Mangkubumi fought until the defeat of the Pakubuwono forces and declared sovereignty in the Kingdom of Jogjakarta south of the original Kingdom of Mataram. Because of this historical act of bravery and sacrifice, Jogjakarta is given Special Administrative Region (SAR) status, making the Province of Jogjakarta the only province headed by a monarchy.
For the time being people call Yogya or Jogja, but actually is this same. Yogya or Jogja is famous as one tourist destination in Indonesia because Yogya has so many historical places that can be visited. Such as Sultan Palace, Water Castle, Borobudur temple, Prambanan temple etc. Yogya tour with Yogya driver, with excellent transports and accompanied by English speaking drivers. Yogya tour itinerary is Borobudur temple, Prambanan temple, Sultan Palace and other destinations in Jogjakarta city. For your tour to Yogya, do not hesitate to contact us…. Let’s visit and do your tours to Yogya with yogya driver…….our hospitality will always be with you during the trip !!